Further Reading



Barnhurst, Kevin G. and John Nerone.  “Civic Picturing vs. Realist Photojournalism: Photojournalism and the Regime of the Illustrated News, 1850-1901.”  Design Issues 16/1 (spring 2000): 59-79.

Bookbinder, Judith and Sheila Gallagher, eds.  First Hand: Civil War Era Drawings from the Becker Collection. Chestnut Hill, MA: McMullen Museum of Art, Boston College, 2009.

Brown, Jane E. and Richard Samuel West.  William Newman: A Victorian Cartoonist in London and New York. Easthampton, MA: Periodyssey Press, 2008.

Brown, Joshua.  Beyond the Lines: Pictorial Reporting, Everyday Life, and the Crisis of Gilded Age America.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Brown, Thomas J., ed.  Remixing the Civil War: Meditations on the Sesquicentennial (Baltimore:   Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011.

Bunker, Gary L.  From Rail-Splitter to Icon: Lincoln’s Image in Illustrated Periodicals, 1860-65.  Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2001.

Caswell, Lucy Shelton.  “Drawing Swords: War in American Editorial Cartoons.”  American Journalism 21/2 (2004): 13-45.

Clinton, Catherine and Nina Silber, eds.  Divided Houses: Gender and the Civil War.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

—.  Battle Scars: Gender and Sexuality in the American Civil War.  New York: Oxford University    Press, 2006.

Diffley, Kathleen.  “Splendid Patriotism: How the Illustrated London News Pictured the   Confederacy.”  Comparative American Studies 5/4 (2007): 385-407.

Fahs, Alice.  The Imagined Civil War: Popular Literature of the North & South, 1861-1865.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Fischer, Roger A.  Them Damned Pictures: Explorations in American Political Cartoon Art.  North Haven, CT: Archon Books, 1996.

Foner, Eric, with Joshua Brown.  Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.

Grover, Jan Zita.  “The First Living-Room War: The Civil War in the Illustrated Press.”  Afterimage (February 1984): 8-11.

Hess, Stephen and Milton Kaplan.  The Ungentlemanly Art: A History of American Political Cartoons.  New York: The Macmillan Company, 1968.

Hess, Stephen and Sand Northrop.  American Political Cartoons: The Evolution of a National Identity, 1754-2000.  New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2011.

Hills, Patricia.  “Cultural Racism: Resistance and Accommodation in the Civil War Art of Eastman Johnson and Thomas Nast.” From Seeing High and Low: Representing Social Conflict in American Visual Culture, ed. Patricia Johnston.  Berkeley: University of California Press,   2006, 103-123.

Kent, Christopher.  “War Cartooned/Cartoon War: Matt Morgan and the American Civil War in Fun and Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper.”  Victorian Periodicals Review 36 (Summer 2003): 153-181.

Lewin, J.G. and P.J. Huff.  Lines of Contention: Political Cartoons of the Civil War.  New York:Harper, 2007.

Navasky, Victor S.  The Art of Controversy: Political Cartoons and Their Enduring Power. New York: Knopf, 2013.

Neely, Mark E., Jr. and Harold Holzer.  The Union Image: Popular Prints of the Civil War North.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Neely, Mark E., Jr., Harold Holzer, and Gabor S. Boritt.  The Confederate Image: Prints of the Lost Cause. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Nevins, Allan and Frank Weitenkampf.  A Century of Political Cartoons: Caricature in the United States from 1800-1900.  New York: Scribner’s & Sons, 1944.

Nickels, Cameron C.  Civil War Humor.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2010.

Park, David.  “Picturing the War: Visual Genres in Civil War News.” The Communications Review 3/4 (1999): 287-321.

Pearson, Andrea G.  “Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper and Harper’s Weekly: Innovation and Imitation in Nineteenth-Century American Pictorial Reporting.” Journal of Popular Culture 23/4 (Spring 199): 81-111.

Sachsman, David B., S. Kittrell Rushing, and Roy Morris, Jr., eds.  Seeking a Voice: Images of Race and Gender in the Nineteenth-Century Press.  West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 2000.

Samuels, Shirley.  Facing America: Iconography and the Civil War.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Smith, Kristen M., ed.  The Lines Are Drawn: Political Cartoons of the Civil War.  Athens, GA: Hill Street Press, 1999.

Somers Jr., Paul P.  Editorial Cartooning and Caricature: A Reference Guide.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Thompson, W. Fletcher, Jr.  “Illustrating the Civil War.”  Wisconsin Magazine of History 45/1(Autumn 1961): 10-20.

—.  The Image of War: Pictorial Reporting of the American Civil War.  New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.

—.  “Pictorial Images of the Negro during the Civil War.”  Wisconsin Magazine of History 48/4   (Summer 1965): 282-294.

—.  “Pictorial Propaganda and the Civil War.”  Wisconsin Magazine of History 46/1 (Autumn 1962): 21-31.

Willis, Deborah and Barbara Krauthamer.  Envisioning Emancipation: Black Americans and the End of Slavery.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2013.



Abraham Lincoln Cartoons: Comic Portraits of His Presidency, Harpweek



Aldalbert John Volck, Confederate War Engravings (Baltimore: 1863), New-York Historical Society



American Caricatures Pertaining to the Civil War Reproduced from Original Lithographs, 1856-72.  New York: Bretano’s, 1918.



American Political Prints, 1776-1876: Catalog of the Collection of the Library of Congress



The Becker Collection: Drawings of the American Civil War Era, Boston College



The Civil War in America from the Illustrated London News, Becker Center, Emory University



Civil War Era Collection at Gettysburg College (includes political cartoons section)



HarpWeek Explore History (essays on Lincoln, 13th and 15th Amendments; Civil War Illustrations, and thematic essays for 1860-65)



Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection, Indiana State Museum and Allen County Public Library (curated groupings of image about Civil War)



Northern Visions of Race, Region, and Reform, American Antiquarian Society



Pictorial Americana, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress:

(includes Civil War prints, drawings, and photographs organized by year)